YAG Laser Capsulotomy for Posterior capsule opacification...

After cataract surgery, some people notice cloudiness (sometimes called after-cataract) after several months or years. Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy reduces glare and improves vision. It lets light pass through cloudy regions of the lens capsule that may develop after cataract surgery.

Yag laser capsulotomy

What is a Yag laser capsulotomy?

A Yag capsulotomy is a special laser treatment used to improve your vision after cataract surgery. It is a simple, commonly performed procedure which is very safe.
During your cataract operation, the natural lens inside your eye that had become cloudy was removed. A new artificial lens was put inside the lens membrane (called the bag or capsule) in your eye.
In a small number of patients, the capsule thickens after surgery and becomes cloudy. This interferes with the light reaching the back of the eye. When this happens, your sight becomes misty, and you may get glare in bright light or from lights at night-time.
Capsule thickening can happen in the months after your cataract operation, but more commonly occurs about two years after surgery. Yag laser capsulotomy is the only way to treat this. Apart from affecting your vision, the thickening does not damage the eye in any way.
In a Yag laser capsulotomy the doctor uses a special lens to apply a laser beam to the capsule. This creates a small hole in the centre of the capsule, which lets light through.

Yag laser capsulotomy

What happens during a procedure?

You will need to visit the outpatient department for about half a day. The treatment will be performed in one of our laser treatment rooms as a ‘walk in – walk out’ procedure. Special preparations such as fasting or changing into operating theatre clothes are not necessary.
Since this is an
outpatient treatment, you can eat and drink as normal. You must continue to take any eye medication as normal on the day of the laser treatment (unless instructed otherwise).
You will have some drops put into your eye to make the pupil big, and an anaesthetic eye drop to numb the surface of the eye...
You will then sit at a machine – similar to the one used to examine your eyes when you routinely visit the eye clinic – which has a special laser attached. The doctor will put a special mirrored lens on your eye before applying the laser beam.
This lens allows the doctor to view the membrane clearly so he or she can apply the laser and make a small hole in it to clear the vision.
treatment is painless due to the anaesthetic drops used to numb your eye before the laser and takes approximately 20 minutes. After the procedure, you will return to the waiting area. Your doctor or nurse may check the eye pressure about one hour later. He or she will then examine the eye to check the hole in the capsule.

Yag laser capsulotomy

What are the benefits?

The laser treatment is to remove the cloudy capsule thickening in your eye, which aims to restore your vision to how it was after your cataract operation.

Yag laser capsulotomy

Are there any risks?

Complications after this treatment are very uncommon. Occasionally the pressure inside the eye rises immediately after the laser treatment. If this occurs, you may need extra treatment before you can go home. This treatment usually comes in the form of eye drops, but may come in the form of tablets. Your doctor will let you know which treatment you need and advise you of how long you need to take the treatment for.
Occasionally the opening made by the laser beam is incomplete, or not big enough. This will be discovered either after your treatment, or on your follow-up visit. If this is the case, it will be necessary to repeat the treatment at a later date.
Extremely rarely, some patients can get a build- up of fluid in the macula, the part of the eye responsible for detailed central vision. This build-up of fluid is called macular oedema (swelling), which causes blurring or distortion of vision.
Another extremely rare complication is retinal detachment, when the fine light sensitive membrane at the back of the eye can come away from the wall of the eye.

The following symptoms mean that you need urgent treatment:
 excessive pain
 sudden onset of floaters (caused by small pieces of debris that float in the vitreous humour of the eye)
 loss of vision
 flashing lights
 increasing redness of the eye.

Yag laser capsulotomy

What happens after the procedure?

After the treatment, most patients find that their vision is usually blurry for four hours from the drops.
Bright lights can also be bothersome. Because of this, it can be helpful to have someone to go home with you, but this is not essential. You should not drive or ride a motorbike or bicycle for the rest of the day.
Following the procedure, no special treatment is required, and you can go back to your normal daily activities straight away.
If you have discomfort once you have returned home, we suggest that you take your usual pain reliever following the instructions on the pack.
It is normal to have itchy, gritty or sticky eyes and mild discomfort for the remainder of the day after the treatment.
You will be asked to come to the outpatient department a few weeks after the laser treatment to make sure your eye has settled down properly. This appointment will be given to you before you leave the hospital.

Yag laser capsulotomy

What do I need to do after I go home?

Anti-inflammatory drops may be prescribed after the laser treatment. These help to minimise inflammation (not infection) within the eye.
People normally have to take these only for a few days or a week at most – your doctor will tell you how long you need to use them for. You do not need antibiotics, as there is no open wound on your eye.
If you have any questions or concerns about your procedure or you develop any of the symptoms featured above , or need urgent advice about your eye(s), please speak to the staff...